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Everything is a Heresy: Navigate the Theological Minefield with Grace

A Balanced Approach: Lessons from John’s Epistles

Navigating the landscape of faith can sometimes feel like wandering through a theological minefield. At every turn, there are pitfalls, potential errors in doctrine, and of course, the ever-looming specter of heresy. But let's pause and take a deep breath. John, that elder statesman of the New Testament, offers us a different approach, one that's more akin to a guided hike through nature rather than a panicked sprint across an active minefield.

When it comes to the secessionists mentioned in John's epistles, you might think that the automatic response would be outright condemnation. These individuals had, after all, separated themselves from the orthodox beliefs of the early Christian community. The easy path would have been for John to declare their teachings heretical, close the book, and walk away. But that's not what he did.

John was discerning, not dismissive. He sought to address the issue at its root, dissecting the beliefs of the secessionists to identify not just the poison but also the elixir. He extended a theological olive branch, emphasizing the shared values and common ground that existed between them and the broader community. For John, it was more about restoration than retribution, about dialogue rather than diatribe.

One of the keys to understanding this nuanced approach lies in recognizing that most heresies—or what are considered to be heresies—are often born out of an exaggerated or distorted truth. They usually start with a valid observation or question but take it too far, or twist it into something unrecognizable. And this is where John's wisdom truly shines. Instead of blasting the secessionists for their errors, he sought to guide them back to a balanced understanding of faith by emphasizing the positive elements in their teachings.

In many ways, John’s approach is an exemplar of conflict resolution. He prioritized relationships over rigidity, choosing the path of nuance over that of dogmatic insistence. It’s akin to a master chef carefully seasoning a dish, well aware that too much of even a good spice can ruin the meal. John reminded his readers that even when facing doctrinal issues, the goal wasn’t necessarily to win an argument, but rather to restore a relationship. And sometimes, that means acknowledging what the other side got right, even as you correct what they got wrong.

But let’s not gloss over the courage it takes to adopt such an approach. It's far easier to label someone as a heretic than to engage with their ideas, to search for that kernel of truth amid the chaff of falsehoods. It requires a certain theological humility and a willingness to enter into the messy fray of human understanding. We’re not simply talking about compromise here; it’s more of a spiritual judo where you use the momentum of a misguided belief to steer it back towards orthodoxy.

So, as you encounter divergent beliefs and controversial doctrines, remember John’s balanced approach. It’s not just about avoiding what’s wrong; it’s about pursuing what’s right. It’s about fostering a climate where ideas can be discussed, dissected, and even disputed, all without losing sight of the greater goal: a deeper, richer faith for everyone involved.

Classic Heresies: A Definitive Guide

These aren't merely antiquated squabbles tucked away in dusty tomes; understanding these heresies can act as a GPS for avoiding your own doctrinal pitfalls. The point isn't to wag a judgmental finger but to foster a richer, more nuanced understanding of your faith. So let's roll up our sleeves and take a stroll through the Heretical Hall of Fame, shall we?

What is the good of words if they aren't important enough to quarrel over? Why do we choose one word more than another if there isn't any difference between them? If you called a woman a chimpanzee instead of an angel, wouldn't there be a quarrel about a word? If you're not going to argue about words, what are you going to argue about? Are you going to convey your meaning to me by moving your ears? The Church and the heresies always used to fight about words, because they are the only thing worth fighting about.”

― G.K. Chesterton


Docetism is like the ultimate bait-and-switch of Christian theology. It suggests that Jesus wasn't actually human, but merely seemed to be. Imagine ordering a five-course meal and discovering that it's all just holograms on a plate. The whole premise of Christianity hinges on the union of divine and human in Jesus, the Word becoming flesh. To reduce that to mere illusion or an optical trick is to pull the rug out from under the entire Christian narrative. So, next time you hear someone toy with the idea that Jesus' humanity was just a facade, remember, we're talking about the cornerstone of the faith being hollowed out.


Picture God as a heavenly figure browsing through a divine adoption agency, finally choosing Jesus to be His Son. On the surface, it sounds sentimental, almost touching. But don't be fooled. The notion that Jesus became the Son of God at a particular point—say at His baptism—throws a wrench into the Trinitarian understanding of God as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit coexisting eternally. It’s as if you discover that a key player on your favorite sports team was actually a last-minute hire and not an original member. It changes the dynamics and introduces unnecessary complications. Just as Docetism sells short the humanity of Jesus, Adoptionism dilutes his divinity. Both are a perilous path to tread.


With Nestorianism, you get a Jesus who seems to be suffering from an identity crisis. This doctrine essentially splits Him into two distinct persons, one human and one divine, as if they're awkward roommates sharing the same body but never really interacting. Imagine a car with two steering wheels, two drivers, but no real communication between them—chaos, right? In trying to honor both the human and divine natures of Jesus, Nestorianism goes too far and creates a divide that undermines the unity essential to the Christian understanding of Jesus as the God-man.


Welcome to the corporate world of theology where Jesus is the celestial middle manager. According to Arianism, He's not quite divine but is the first and best creation of God. Think of Him as the Vice-President of Divine Operations, right below the CEO. While it may seem like a small demotion, it's actually a seismic shift that disorients the very essence of Christian belief in the Trinity. If Jesus isn’t fully God, then what do we make of the salvation narrative? Arianism might satisfy the organizational chart but leaves us bankrupt in the department of divine redemption.


Apollinarianism is the theological version of a puppet show where the divine mind of Jesus controls His human body. It’s like a top-tier gamer using a human avatar to navigate the world. While it seems to protect the divinity of Jesus, it sacrifices the fullness of His humanity. This view pulls the rug out from under the idea that Jesus was tempted, suffered, and faced human limitations. Apollinarianism might solve some metaphysical puzzles but creates a Savior who can't fully empathize with the human experience


Here's the theological equivalent of a self-help seminar. According to Pelagianism, you don't really need God's grace to achieve salvation; you just need to be a good person. It's the ultimate "pull yourself up by your bootstraps" philosophy applied to spirituality. While the emphasis on personal responsibility is commendable, it leaves out the essential role of divine grace in the Christian journey. Without God's active involvement in our salvation, what we're left with is essentially a divine spectator, not a Savior.

Journeying past Heresy

So, as you can see, understanding heresies is like having a roadmap for where not to go. We’ve only scratched the surface here, but hopefully, you've gained some insight into how misconceptions and errors can cloud the core tenets of faith. Each heresy may contain a grain of truth, but our job is to make sure we nourish the truth, not the lies around it. That's what I estimate John was doing with his epistles, and that's something I hope you can do too now that you know the early heresies the Christian church was dealing with.

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